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IODP Expedition 372 and 375: Call for Applications

Creeping Gas Hydrate Slides and Hikurangi Slow Slip LWD (372)

26 November 2017 – 4 January 2018

 

Expedition 372 has two primary objectives. These are (1) to investigate the relationship between gas hydrate and underwater landslides (IODP proposals 841-APL2 & 841-Add); and (2) to characterize sediment and fault zone structures and physical properties associated with recurring shallow slow slip events along the Hikurangi subduction interface (IODP proposals 781A-Full & 781A-Add).

 

Submarine slides are thought to occur as catastrophic events, and as such pose a significant geohazard potentially causing tsunamis and damaging seafloor installations. Dissociation of gas hydrate has been proposed as a driver of seafloor destabilization, but there is evidence that gas hydrate itself may lead to seafloor weakening through creeping seafloor deformation. We will test the hypothesis that interstitial gas hydrate, like ice, may exhibit viscous behavior leading to slow deformation as observed in terrestrial rock glaciers. Alternatively, permeability reduction from gas hydrates may lead to overpressure, hydrofracturing, and seafloor weakening. To elucidate how gas hydrates promote creeping behavior, we will collect logging-while-drilling (LWD) data at three sites as well as APC cores, pressurized cores, and penetrometer data at one of the LWD sites.

 

As described for Expedition 375 below, shallow slow slip events (SSE) along the Hikurangi margin provide the opportunity to investigate the physical processes and in situ conditions that govern the spectrum of fault slip modes through a combination of LWD, coring, and continuous monitoring. On Expedition 372, we will acquire LWD data at a series of sites that will be cored and instrumented during the subsequent IODP Hikurangi Subduction Margin Expedition 375 (see below).

 

Hikurangi Subduction Margin (375)

8 March – 5 May 2018

 

Expedition 375 will investigate slow slip events (SSE) along the northern Hikurangi subduction margin (IODP proposals 781A-Full and 781A-Add). Hikurangi SSE recur every ~2 years so we can monitor changes in deformation rate and associated chemical and physical properties surrounding the SSE source area throughout an entire slow slip cycle. Sampling material from the sedimentary section and oceanic basement of the subducting plate and from primary active thrusts in the outer accretionary wedge, in combination with LWD data, will reveal the rock properties, composition, and lithological and structural character of the active faults involved in the SSE, as well as material that is transported downdip to the SSE source region. Coring and downhole measurements from four sites will be integrated with the LWD data collected during Expedition 372 (see above). In addition, borehole observatories will be installed at the thrust fault site and a site in the upper plate to monitor hydrologic, chemical, and physical processes during the SSE cycle.

 

JOIDES RESOLUTION EXPEDITION SCHEDULE:

 

The expedition schedule (http://iodp.tamu.edu/scienceops/ ) includes links to the individual expedition web pages that provide the original IODP proposal and expedition planning information.

 

HOW TO APPLY:

 

China-based scientists could apply through the IODP-China Office, and submit application form, English CV as well as post-cruise research proposal. The application deadline is:

 

31 October 2016.

 

For further details, please contact:

 

Shouting Tuo, Science Coordinator, the IODP-China Office

Tel.: +86-21-65982198, Fax: +86-21-65988808

Email: iodp_china@tongji.edu.cn

 

 

Address: State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092

Tel. : +86-21-65982198, Fax: +86-21-65988808

Email: iodp_china@tongji.edu.cn